my journey to malaysia

1st International Agriculture Students Symposium 2009 was held from 4th -13th January 2009. January 4th and 13th are the arrival and departure date. The activities that we had are fieldtrip, symposium, panel discussion, etc. For more explanation about every activity that we had will be explain one by one.

2.1. 5th January 2009
Today, we are visiting MARDI in Serdang. MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) was established with the primary objective of developing and promoting new and improved appropriate technologies which will serve to increase productivity and efficiency, thus modernizing the agricultural sector as well as maximizing income of the farming in the country.
Main Function of MARDI is to conduct scientific, technical, economic and sociological research, with respect to the production, utilization and processing of all crops (except rubber and oil palm) and livestock. The other function of MARDI is to serve as a centre for specialist extension service in agricultural industry and to conduct commercial research and production for effective promotion and utilization of its research findings.
In this place the participants also do some activity. The activity that participant do is to saw the binding process in mangoes. This binding process divide in two ways, which is can take with side binding and above binding. In this binding process we also use parafilm to closing the branch that we will combine it to the originally plant. This process only can be realize in one family but different or same species.
In this place the participant can saw the soil for plant media too. The soil is content with top soil, river sand and organic. The plant that grow in this place also depend by the net above them, which is can reduce 80% of sunray.
After that we also visit MOA and Putrajaya. In this excursion the Ministry Agriculture of Malaysia give his speech to all of the participant and sharing a lot of information with the participant. The main information is about MOA (Ministry Of Agriculture And Agro-Based Industry)that was established as agriculture portfolio. Now days, it is known as MOA after cabinet reorganization on March 27th 2004, which is conducted by Y.B Dato’ Mustapa bin Mohamed. MOA is in charge to draw and plan policy, strategy and agricultural development program. Beside that MOA is charge to act as one of top agencies for private companies to get advise and expertise in agricultural sector.
MOA is directly involved in Hi-Impact program such as permanent food production park, zone industry aquaculture, agro-entrepreneur, national feedlot centre (NFC) and contract farming. For the implementation that had told before in the MOA charge to. Today, MOA has offer the direction of strategic agro-food sector in the Ninth Malaysia Plan (9MP). This new agricultural approach in this method has features as following, large scale commercial, extensive use of modern technology, high quality production and high value added, fully usage of the potential of biotechnology, merger with information technology and communications and involvement farming entrepreneur and skilled manpower.
As the result, the strategy implementation of the 9th Malaysia plan has include with, increase the production area for agro-food, develop new growth resources such as deep sea fish catch and tuna and all kinds of flowers, enhance agro-based industry, diversify the revenue resource of target group, benefit the agro-biotechnology, increase the marketing capability, standard compliance and international quality, loan and incentive provision and concentration on total factor productivity.

2.2. 6th January 2009
The second day of this symposium at 6th Januari 2009 is the opening of ‘The 1st International Agricultural Student Symposium, University Putra Malaysia) begin with breakfast of the participant and honorable guest. After that all of the participant and honourable guest proceed to the Hall of Agriculture (Dewan Pertanian). The first protocol begin with singing the national anthem of Malaysia (Negaraku) and mars of University of Putra Malaysia (Putra Gemilang). Then, continuing with the speech of IASS Head Committee by Mr. Loh Kwong Yik, speech from the Vice Chancellor of University of Putra Malaysia delivered by Prof. Datuk Dr. Nik Mustapha R. Abdullah. The opening speech and keynote address delivered by Datuk Rohani Abdul Karim (Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry) with the title ‘Government Policy and Future Prospects of Agriculture Sector in Malaysia and its Relation to the Global’. The main point of speech is agro-based industry should be the main sector to strengthen the other subsector.
The agro-based industry growing fast with the significant result compared to industry of palm oil and rubber (study cased in Malaysia). Therefore the agro-based industry should be a pillar of the developing for the countries as the fact that million people need to feed with the sufficient amount of food and nutritious. This fact refer to Mahatma Gandhi statement ‘other can wait but not food’. The speech from Datuk Rohani Abdul Karim ficused to developing of ASEAN countries on agrobased industry to strenghtening the economic status of ASEAN countries. Then at 14.00 pm, after take a lunch, it continuing with Forum discussion about agriculture in the future. The forum consist of 4 people from each university represented consinst of : Bogor Agricultural University / BAU (Galih Nugroho), Niigata University / NU (Reiko Maruyama), University of Putra Malaysia / UPM (Kwan Yee Min), University of Malaysia Sabah / UMS (Fabian Lim Chin Wen) and moderated by Prof. Dr. Mohd Khanif Yusop (University of Putra Malaysia). We discussed about food security and sufficiency in the world. It begins with the fact that many people living in the country with revenue below 1 US $ each day to fulfill the daily food and other.
Galih from BAU giving a comment about a food crisis in the world is the challanges for us and opportunity to more impove the sufficient and safely food for the people around the world. Fabian from UMS giving a comment on the question ‘Why on the past was sufficient of food ?’ that on the past is the people wiser to live close and harmony with the nature. At this time much more and getting faster growing the crisis is caused by so many factors : on issue energy with conversion of food to energy, natural disaster that facing much countries most developing countries, the increase of population, and less land to produce the rice for population. Related to food crisis, security and safety there are also the other factor like climate changes, where it could affect the food sufficient because it affect the production of crops. Also degradation land causing by poor management and human. So the alternative solution that we can tackle with are : the consumer should giving a preference on the own country product to enhance the economic quality, open new work place to reduce the unemployment. At the end of this discussion, Prof. Dr. Mohd Khanif Yusop (University of Putra Malaysia) giving a close question ‘If you were the Minister of Agriculture, so what would you do?’. There are many suggestion program like : to attract or giving an incentive for farmer, collaborating work with other ministry especially ministry of education to insert the agriculture in curricullum, opening the clinic where the farmers could consult with the expert about their problems in field.
The activities of Cultural Night begin at 21.00 pm, opened by the speech from Deputy Vice Chancellor (Students Affairs & Alumni), Prof.Dr. Azali bin Mohamed. The performance is beginning with Gendang 24 Musim / Silat, Indian Dance, Chinese Traditional Dance, Malay Dance, Sarawak Dance, Sabah Dance, Indian Dance and closed by performance from Bogor Agricultural University with singing a song from different region consist : Si Patokaan (Sulawesi Utara), Yamko Rambe Yamko (Papua), Cik Cik Periok (Kalimantan Barat), Ampar-ampar Pisang (Kalimantan Selatan), Rek Ayo Rek (Jawa Timur), Cublek Cublek Suweng (Jawa Tengah), and Paku Gelang (Sumatra Barat). There are so many applause and positive response for the performance of Bogor Agricultural University.

2.3. 7th January 2009
Since agriculture to be a main sector to support food and life, so in the beginning day of presentation session discuss about “Food”. The presentation started at 08.00 a.m. o’clock. Each presenter has 20 minutes for presenting their paper and 10 minutes for the ask-answer session. For this topics there are 10 presenters: Arina Shairah bt. Abdul Sukor (UPM) with the title Global Food Crisis and Steps Taken by Malaysia to Ensure Sustainable Food Production for the Need of Future Generations; Dias Erfan (BAU) with the title Green Gel Leaf as Potential Food; Yoghatama Cindya Zanzer (BAU) with the title Food diversification Using Sweet Potato (Ipomea batatas) Blended with Fermented Soya for Low Cost – Home Made Weaning Foods Facing Under Nutrition and Vitamin A deficiency in South East Asia; Galih Nugroho (BAU) with the title Role of Students in Sustaining Food Safety in Campus: A Case Study in “Food Sellers Mentoring” Program in Bogor, Indonesia; Kwan Yee Min (UPM) with the title Climate Change and Food Security; Astrisia Artanti (BAU) with the title Utilization of Bombyx mori Silkworm Pupae waste in Producing Instant Cream Soup with High Protein Content; Khairul Azree Bin Rosli (UPM) with the title Growth Performance and Biochemical Constituents of Andrographis paniculata as Affected by Light and Nitrogen; Diana Lo (BAU) with the title Potential of Pegagan (Centella asiatica) as BrainTonic to Improve the Intelligence of the Young Generations in Indonesia; Alagie Bah (UPM) with the title Optimizing Nitrogen-Used Efficiency and Grain Filling of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Through Timely Nitrogen Management During the Reproductive Growth Stage; Muhammad Sarwar Khan (BAU) with the title Controlled Soydih (Soybean Dadih) Fermentation for the Safety of the Product. Paper presentation with the “food” topic finished at 03.30 p.m. and after that the presentation continued with another topic. From this presentation, could be inferred that food crisis still being the hot issues at present so the research to solve this problem is need to be necessary and some of them were delivered in this session.
Nowadays the awareness and knowledge about agriculture among people have decreased whereas agriculture holds the important sectors in human life. Therefore, the education which related with agriculture is being needed in order to increase the agricultural awareness among people especially young generation. The agriculture education is not only talk about how to enhance the willingness of people in agricultural sector but also informs the strategy to improve relationship and passion between farmers, consumers, even stakeholders, so the networking could be kept and additionally the agriculture business will be raised up. The presentation started at 04.00 p.m. For this topic, there are 2 presenters that have presented their paper as follows: Purnawati Hustina Rachman (BAU) with the title Prospects of Agri- Educational Film Series to Increase Interests and Mutual Understanding of Agriculture; Yumi Tsumuraya (NU) with the title A Trend of Developing Positive Relationships between Farmers and Consumers in Niigata (Case Study in Japan). The presentation today ended at 05.00 p.m. From this presentation, could be inferred that agriculture education is need to increase the understanding among people.

2.4. 8th January 2009
On Thursday, 8th january 2008 was the second day of symposium. Actually, this was our 5th day in malaysia. At that day, delegates from ipb doddy juli irawan, titis anugraheni putri apdini, dan aero widiarta would present. From 7.25 am, we have ready to depart from kolej 17th – place where we stay as long as we were in malaysia. We went to symposium hall by bus. Its about 10 minutes to reach that place. After we have got breakfast with bread, bihun (rice noodle), and hot chocolate milk, we start the symposium which is guided by Tan Siao Hue as a chair person/moderator and Diana as a master of ceremony.
The first presenter was Anis Syazwani from UPM. She was talking about the effect of environment and how to manage palm oil farming. Second presentation was Doddy Juli Irawan from IPB. He was delivering audience more deep about agro-forestry system. He explain how importance this system to support socio-culture and environment especially in Indonesia. The third presentation also from ipb, Titis Anugraheni Putri Apdini that presenting Sapindus rarak alias lerak. This plant can use to as an additives feed for ruminance whether it usually use as a batik cleaner. She offer this product as an alternative solution to reduce global warming effect that nowdays is a very hot issue. Next presentation was Mitsue Sakamaki turn. She is from Niigata university. She was presenting a paper entitled agriculture reconsideration as a wisdom to live in Japan. Then, representative from UMS Joseph Fung was delivering sustainable agriculture as his paper. More over Muhammad Luqman from UPM attrack us to looking his perspective about sustainability of palm oil agricultural practice in Malaysia. Before lunch break, the session was closed by Anton Eko Satrio from UPM. He talked about soil carbon storage from swamp in Sarawak.
After lunch break, Aero Widiarta from IPB presenting his paper attractively with the title model adaptation from rural community based on local ecology to sustain the ecosystem. Then, Jose Alvaro, UPM-phd student from Colombia talk about efficiency from many amendments to increase soil fertility in acidic Malaysian soil. After that, before coffee break, the session closed by Tan Siao Hue from UPM. She explained us about mass production of Andrographis paniculata to support herbal medicine in Malaysia.
After that with ’45th spirit, Fabian Lim Chin Wen from UMS told us about his opinion about free trade for agricultural sector in Asia. He was trully agree about free trade. And the last presenter at that day was Lim Kiang from UPM. He talked about potency of fertilizer production from agricultural waste. In the night, participant visited maiz mall and recreation resort where is located near campus.

2.5. 9th January 2009
This day conference is started with Agricultural Technology themes with the chairperson Arina Shariah bt. Abdul Sukor. The first speaker is Selvakumar A/L K.N. Vaiappuri (UPM) with the paper titled Benefits That We Can Gain From Milking Technology. He was talk about the demand of milk and milk products are very high in Malaysia and all over the world. The increasing number of human population is one of the causes of the high demand. If this problem is not managed well, the world will face milk crisis. However, this problem can be overcome with advanced milking technology. Milking technology is one of the most important technologies in the dairy industry besides others like weighing, feeding and others. Throughout time, scientists have made any advanced researches to upgrade the milking technology. The researches done on milking technology will help develop the dairy industry especially in milk production. Milk production has increased by, on average, 2% after the introduction of an automatic milking system. It shows that using milking technology will increase milk production and at the same time increase farmer’s income.
After that, presenter from Indonesia (BAU), Heri Susanto, presents The Strategy to Enhance the Sustainable Development of Palm Oil in Indonesia. He talked that during 20 years, palm oil is become export commodities in Indonesia. Recently, the development of palm oil is significant increase in Indonesia. Indonesia is become the first palm oil producer in the world. Palm oil industry is increasing development in Indonesia due to the huge availability of land area and human resources. In the other hand, there should be several strategies to maintain the development of palm oil industry. One of the reasons in there is a competition of land usage between palm oil and the other commodities. The several steps strategies are enhancing productivity, improving efficiency, the application of capacity building, community development, and cooperation with university and research centre as strategy to support the sustainable of palm oil industry in Indonesia.
Novianus Efrat from BAU briefly present about energy crisis alternative that titled Using Bio – Pellet from Jatropha’s waste as an Alternative to Reduce the Dependency of Fossil Fuel. Energy crisis is one of the biggest problems the earth has ever faced besides global warming. Fossil fuel is non-renewable energy since needs many years to be formed. That’s why renewable energy is needed. Seed of Jatropha (Jatrophe Curcas L) contains 60% kernel (weight) and 40% husk (weight). It’s nucleus seed contains 40 – 45% oils that can be extracted and then used to make the bio-diesel. More than 60% components is seed cake, which can be made as Biomass Pellets (Biopellets). The benefits that can be achieved by using bio-pellets are the unlimited availability of source, more economic because the surface area is bigger that other biomass bricks (bio-brick), easy to be used, decreasing solid wastes, and environmental friendly. Based on those benefits, it can be concluded that the usage of bio-pellets in the society will give many good effect to the earth either.
After refreshment, Aishah Anusha Abdullah (UPM) present Mechanization in Oil Palm Industry, Where Are We Heading. Mechanization is the use of machine to replace manpower or labour force in order to carry out production, storing and processing operation of agriculture yield. Oil palm needs mechanization because of the unavailability of adequate labour and to maximize productivity. Advantageous can be earned from mechanization.
Representative of Niigata University, Reiko Maruyama, present about paper titled Agricultural Use of Deep Ocean Water. Deep ocean water is used for cosmetics, drinking water, fishery and so son because it has some features. It started getting attention by using deep-ocean water for agriculture. In recent years, it has reported that increase in the sugar degree of the tomato and the Unshumikan (mandarin orange), and increases the days of blooming days of the tulip, etc. Deep-ocean water abundantly has the mineral and inorganic salts that can be manure of plants. From this, it was thought that deep-ocean water influenced the growth of leave vegetables, and manured the diluted one to Komatsuna (one of the leave vegetable) at my university. As a result, we could find the decrease in the content of the nitric acid, said that it would do health damage. From this result, it was thought that comparable result was obtained even by spinach with a high content of nitric acid, and deep-ocean water was manured on spinach in this auntum.
After prayer and lunch, the conference started again with the chairperson Khairulfadli Khairruddin. The first presenter is Indra Bagus from BAU with paper titled “Parasitic Plants Tea Scurulla antropurpurea (Benalu Teh) as Potential Medicinal Herb”.Scurrula antropurpurea (Benalu Teh) is parasitic-epiphyte tea plant that also known as a traditional herb from Indonesia. Local people, especially the Javanese used benalu the as medical herb for cancer and cardiovascular diseases. According to research, Scurrula antropurpurea has several anticancer bioactive molecule like peptide, oligosaccharide, alkonoid, polyphenol, and flavonoid.
UPM student, Babar Hafeezullah, present the paper titled “To Identify the Rice Genotypes in Buffered Nutrients Solution for Their Zinc Efficiency” Rice is the world’s most important cereal crops are affected by zinc deficiency. At least 70% of the rice crop is produced in flooded soils in the paddy system. It has estimated that possibly 50% of paddy soils are affected bu zinc deficiency. Correction of Zn deficiency via fertilization is not always successful due to agronomic and economic factors. As a consequence of cropping with low Zn availability, certain plant genotypes are able to grow and yield well under Zn deficiency, which had been termed Zn deficiency. Keeping this facts in view thirty-one rice genotypes were collected for determination of their micronutrients status with (paddy) and without husk (rice). Data for paddy indicates that the 18 out of 31 genotypes were found low (<20 ug g-1) zinc concentration was observed for genotype Kadaria and the lowest concentration. The highest (26.93 ug g-1) was noted for Seri Malaysia Dua genotype.
Mynt Thuzar (UPM) present about Soybean (Glycine Max) Pollen Viability Germination Characteristic and Pollen Morphology in Response to High Temperature Stress. Temperature has great influence on the growth, reproduction, yield, and quality in soybean. The plant is particularly sensitive to temperature change, especially during reproductive growth stage. Plant reproduction is highly vulnerable to global climate change such as high and low temperature. Further increase in green house gasses will make earth temperature hotter then affect soybean production.
Introduction to International Association of Agriculture and Related Sciences (IAAS) from Ibni Sina Jaelani, Doddy Juli Irawan (Indonesia) was the closing of the conference. IAAS founded in 1857 in Tunis by 8 countries, the International Association of Students in Agricultural and Related Sciences is at the moment one of the world’s biggest student associations. IAAS gather students studying, majoring or researching in agriculture etc. Its committees are spread in universities in over 40 countries worldwide. IAAS is a place where agricultural students from all over the world meet each other, experience new mentalities and cultures, travel and see new places and learn about all aspects of agriculture together with their future colleagues.

2.6. 10th January 2009
This day we visit Sime Fresh to increase the knowledge of students in agriculture through the sharing of new technologies applied in the plnantation field to produce a better product. Sime Fresh is a member of Sime Darby group which is known as the world largest plantation company. Sime Fresh applies modern and hygienic methods of growing, including:
• State-of-the-art Technology
• Grown under netted greenhouse
• Clean and hygienic conditions
• Continuous improvement through R&D
• Environmentally friendly
Reasons for switching to Sime Fresh Aeroponic Vegetable
• Natural and Nutritious Research has proven that aeroponic vegetables have good nutritional value as compared with soil-grown vegetables.
• Laboratory analysis also show that Sime Fresh vegetables contain vitamins A, C, E, chlorophyll and dietary fibers, in addition to minerals such as calcium, iron, sodium, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium (certificate of analysis CL/M8023339/2001)
• Superb taste in a consumer product tasting test, Sime Fresh vegetables were found to be crunchier, fresher and tastier compared to the same vegetables grown using others method.
• Freshness and Longer Storage Life. Sime Fresh vegetables are harvested, packed on-site in attractive packaging and delivered directly to retailers, thus ensuring that the vegetables remain fresh, crunchy and juicy for more than a week with proper refrigeration.
• Clean and Hygienic Sime Fresh vegetables are grown in netted greenhouses and are protected from rain. There is no splash of soil or manure on the vegetables as compared with soil grown vegetables. In addition, the soilless aeroponic system entails misting of nutrient solutions only on the roots, and therefore there is no soil contamination of the stems or the leaves. Sime fresh vegetables are therefore clean and hygienic.
• Minimum wastage Sime Fresh vegetables are well trimmed before packaging. This translates to more savings as there is minimum wastage.
• Environment Friendly while enjoying the benefits of Sime Fresh vegetables, consumers will also be supporting a healthier environment for Malaysia. In addition to using very little water – a precious and finite resource – aeroponic technology is environmentally friendly in many aspects.
The speaker of the explanation was Mr. Kunar, the fasility chargeof Sime Fresh. For this day, the participants of the 1st IASS gathered at 8 a.m. in front of college 17 and had breakfast inside the bus. The bus left for Sime Fresh at 8.30 a.m. which took about one hour to reach the destination. After a brief explanation of Sime Fresh and their products by one of their staff, the participants were guided outside the room to watch the plantation of the seedlings into sponge-like-stereo foam. While doing so, the participants were also given a sample of lettuce juice by the company’s staff member. After the explanation of the plantations, the participants were brought to the green house which is the place where they grew the lettuce aeroponicly.
At noon, we visisted Bagan Lalang Beach for refreshment. At this beach, the participants took pictures of one another with beautiful scenery. This event was participated by almost all the participants of the 1st IASS with the amount of approximately 30 participants along with a number of committees. This brief refreshment was able to entertain the participants. Overall, this activity was fun and full of enjoy
At 14.30-16.30, we visited Agro-Chips, Banting (Jamirah Food Industry) to increase the knowledge of students in agriculture through the sharing of new technologies and experiences of the history and the process to establish the visit to Agro-chips.
Agro chips are a commercial label under the company of Jamirah Food Industries Sdn. Bhd. Owned a 240 areas of land which consists of food crop such as tapioca and banana. They have been awarded the Malaysian Farm certification of Good Agricultural Practice. The massive production of tapioca enabled them to commercialize their farm production into more value added products such as tapioca chips, fritters and also nuggets. They harvested tapioca from the orchard are straight away processed and packaged to be delivered to various established hypermarkets in Malaysia.
The Agro Chips processed tapioca products consist of various kinds of flavors such as:
• BBQ Flavor
• Black pepper flavor
• Cheese flavor
• Chili lemon flavor
• Corn flavor
• Tapioca nuggets with a satay flavor
• Tapioca nuggets with a curry flavor
It is known that, the cheese, chili and corn flavor is their export products and the production is focused for exports only.
In 1986, this industry was established with only a modal of 50 RM. Even though it has been collapsed many times, it finally stabilized in the year 1996. They realized their mistakes was only depending on one consumer, therefore they tried new marketing strategies to overcome this problem. Learning from their mistakes had given them strength to survive and become one of the food leading industries in Malaysia. They earned higher income through the years and used it to buy new technology and widen their fields. With faster technology such as the automatic package, they now are able to package 60 packages in one minute. They’ve also widened their market from traditional ones to hypermarkets, even exported to countries such as Myanmar and Africa. Now they are not only able to produce tapioca chips, but also extend their knowledge and produce tapioca nuggets.

2.7. 11th January 2009
Today, all participants and committees of The 1st International Agricultural Student Symposium will have excursion. We visit Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre (KLCC) or well known as Petronas Twin Tower, Kuala Lumpur Craft Complex, Central Market and Petaling Street, and Bukit Bintang (Bintang Walk). It was at 09.00 a. m when we depart to KLCC. The Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia were the world’s tallest twin buildings, before being surpassed by the Taipei 101. However, the towers are still the tallest twin building and office building in the world. Tower 1 was built by Hazama Corporation and Tower 2 by Samsung Engineering & Construction and Kukdong Engineering and Construction (both of South Korea). They were the world’s tallest buildings from 1998 to 2004 if measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural top, the original height reference used by the US- Based Council on Tall Building and Urban Habitat from 1969.
The Twin Towers raise a height of about 452 m (including spires). They are constructed using steel, reinforced concrete, and glass. We are interesting in that sky bridge between two towers, open visitors and at a height of 170 m. The bridge, made of steel, also helps to stabilize the verticality of the towers.
The towers feature a sky bridge between the two towers on 41st and 42nd floor, which is the highest 2-story bridge in the world. The bridge 170m above the ground and 58m long, weighing 750 tons. The same floor is also known as the podium, since visitors desiring to go to higher level have to change elevators here. The sky bridge is open to all visitors, but free passes (limited to 1700 people per day) must be obtained on a first-come, first- served basis. The Sky Bridge is closed on Mondays. Visitors are only allowed on the 41st floor and the 42nd floor can only be used by the tenants of the building. The sky bridge also acts as a safety device, so that in the event of a fire or other emergency in one tower, tenants can evacuate by crossing the sky bridge to the other tower. We only have 10 minutes to enjoy the view in the sky bridge.
Before we visit Central Market, we look around Kuala Lumpur Craft Complex. Located on a 9.14 acre site Jalan Conlay, the Complex is easily accessible as it’s situated within the “Golden Triangle”, our city’s prime business district. It’s managed by Malaysian Handicraft Development Corporation, a statutory body the auspices of the Ministry of Unity, Culture, Arts, and Heritage Malaysia. There are many facilities in One-Stop Craft Centre, such as: Shuttle Service, Cafetaria, Outdoor Plaza, Money Changers, Laman Wau, Surau, Public Taxi Services, etc.
We move on to the Central Market or Pasar Seni. It’s located along Jalan Katsuri, a few minutes away from Petaling Street. Central Market was built in 1888, originally a wet market. It has since been classified as a Heritage Site by the Malaysian Heritage Society and now it is a landmark for Malaysian culture and heritage. Central Market is in the heart of Kuala Lumpur and strategically located with public transportation links to all major destinations and hotels was while the KL Sentral railway station is only 1 ½ km away.
Malaysia is well known for the multi-racial culture where people of different races live in peace and perfect harmony. Central Market has created a corner to display multi ethnicity and zone the stalls based on the features of each race. The new zone therefore would consist of 3 lanes: Namely the Lorong Melayu, Straits Chinese and Lorong India. The purpose of this new zone is to let visitors have an insight of the cultural difference of the various races in Malaysia.
Another shopping centre that we visited is Bintang Walk. Located in Golden Triangle, Bukit Bintang can easily be reached by bus, taxi, or elevated high-speed trains dubbed the Monorail system. The area is also a commercial centre with many offices and business operating in Bukit Bintang. At weekends, Bukit Bintang is packed to the brim with people from morning to night. A day along is shopping time. We went back to the hostel at 9 o’clock in the evening.

2.8. 12th January 2009
Our activities today are visit to the center of MARDI (Malaysian Agriculture Research and Development Institute) in Selangor. The travel was started at 08.30 after the participants has pick up by bus. The travel had applied for about three hours. On 11:30 the bus has arrived in MARDI, and then the participants get the matter about agriculture (rice productivity) made by Mardi. The matter provided entitled "Rice Production and Consumption in Malaysia." The matters were given until 13:30, after that we are go to visit in the location of rice mill. At the location there is a milling machine grinding which the capacity of 10 tons with the price of RM 1200. This machine is come from Taiwan. The new rice of harvest is can not directly processed in the grinding machine, but it is stored for 5 days so that the rice produced are not destroyed. The required of the drying temperature are about 15 oC for 24 hours.
This place is not only sold rice but also provide pesticide for the farmers. In this place is also done seeding rice by automatically using the machine. Seeding is done with the rice seeding machine which divided into three parts. The first is mixing of land and the gray hull with the comparison 1:1, the second is the provision of rice seed as many as 20 g, and on the third delivery of fertilizers. This process is done in the timber-sized map of 40×60 cm with 3 cm high that run automatically through the conveyor. After 20 days of rice seeds will grow and ready to plant in the rice field.
At 13:50 the activities are stopped and we are going to lunch in the restaurant Lembah Bernam, Hj. Jaafar SDN.BHD. After that we are going to the rice planting area. This project area is a pioneering technology of rice by MARDI which is located in parit 5 timur, SG. besar, IADA-BLS, wide of the area are 30,8 ha, the number of farmers as much as 35 people with the type of rice that was planted 219 MR. The project was running from October 2008 until July 2010 with cooperation between MARDI, IADA-BLS, the Ministry of local agriculture, irrigation department, PKK, and BERNAS.
During one year, the area of rice planting can generate into three times replanting season. The irrigation system was done with making a trench in the middle of the rice field which can be flowed around the rice field. Initially, this land is not properly maintained, and will rent for 10 times of replanting season. To optimize the function of land use so that control of pests was done by biology (biological control) so that the damage due to soil elements burly chemical fertilizer can be reduced. Controlling of pests conducted each 3-4 days. Meanwhile, the fertilizer was used from cattle manure and sewage earthworm. Each area was checks carried out periodically to note the results of the review in the next planting season. This is an enough to minimize its damage in the next planting season. Losses that occur due to loss of paddy is estimated that 20-30% of the total at the time of harvesting. To anticipate this matter, during the 90 day period before the rice harvest will be dried. After completed all of the information, the participants have taken back home to attend the farewell party.
This event held at 08.00 which is attended by the entire committee and participants. The event began with dinner and then the committee given a song to the participants and than offering of each university delegation preceded by IPB, Niigata University, University Malaysia Sabah, and University Putra Malaysia. The event is continued with the screening of IASS activities during the last 9 days. This event was ended with a handshake between participants and committee.

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